Highlights

Advanced Data Processing

Advanced data processing for data mining, data fusion, automated algorithms, KM technology, SAR hardware Citeste tot...

GOLIAT- Nanosatellite for science and operational purposes

GOLIAT - Nanosatellite mission and developments in formation flying, including networked environment Objectives Develop a nanosatellite complete mission Flight model Ground station and control center Science payloads: Micrometeorite detection Integral radiation dose measurement Optical Citeste tot...

Disaster monitoring

Unul din domeniile principale de interes pentru Agentia Spatiala Romana il reprezinta Monitorizarea Dezastrelor.Oficiu ONU pentru Probleme Spatiale (UN-OOSA) si Agentia Spatiala Romana au semnat acordul de cooperare pentru infiintarea Citeste tot...

GEOINT - Centre for Geospatial Intelligence

GEOINT - Centre for Geospatial Intelligence Citeste tot...

Knowledge management system for space-related activities

Knowledge management system for space-related activities Citeste tot...

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Soyuz Galileo launch: injection anomaly
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Monday, 25 August 2014   

Update 28.08.2014: Operations continue smoothly for Galileo Sat 5-6. Both satellites now have both sets of their solar arrays fully deployed and generating power.

The satellites are safely under control, despite having been released on a lower and elliptical orbit instead of the expected circular orbit on 22 August.

The European ground teams deployed at ESA’s control centre ESOC in Darmstadt, Germany, in cooperation with satellite manufacturer OHB, confirm that both satellites are in a safe state, correctly pointing to the sun, properly powered and fully under control of the ESA-CNES integrated team.

Controllers are ready to proceed to the next stage of the launch and early operations phase activities.

In parallel ESA teams are investigating the possibilities of exploiting the satellites to maximum advantage, despite their non-nominal injection orbits and within the limited propulsion capabilities. Different scenarios will then be assessed before decisions are taken for a recovery mission.


Following the announcement made by Arianespace on the anomalies of the orbit injection of the Galileo satellites, the teams of industries and agencies involved in the early operations of the satellites are investigating the potential implications on the mission.

Both satellites have been acquired and are safely controlled and operated from ESOC, ESA’s Operations Centre in Darmstadt, Germany.

Further information on the status of the satellites will be made available after the preliminary analysis of the situation.

Image credit: ESA-P. Carril

 

 
The Third Conference on Space Systems as Critical Infrastructures, 21- 22 August 2014, Mamaia
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Tuesday, 19 August 2014   

The Romanian Space Agency (ROSA) together with the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) are organising the third European Conference on Space Systems as Critical Infrastructures, from 21 to 22 August 2014, at Golden Tulip Hotel in Mamaia, Black Sea, Romania. The conference aims to explore the extent to which we depend on satellites to support the operation of critical infrastructure on Earth, to evaluate the vulnerabilities of space systems against natural and terrorist threats and to offer recommendations to space agencies and political stakeholders regarding actual utilisation and future needs of critical space systems.

Space systems have become key enablers for a wide variety of commercial, scientific and military applications,  being nowadays deeply embedded in the functioning of advanced societies, economies, lifestyles and governance processes. Thefore, the increasing dependence on certain space systems places them firmly in the area of critical infrastructure, whose disruption or destruction would generate lasting damage.

The conference will be held in English and will take into account all these issues, facilitatating discussions on the following topics:

 

  • dependency of critical infrastructure sectors on space systems: Water, Food, Agriculture, ICT, Transport, Financial, Health, Energy, Nuclear Industry, Chemical Industry
  • dependency of space critical infrastructure on external threats: space weather, atmosphere, natural cosmic debris, artificial space debris, natural terrestrial debris
  • dependency of space critical infrastructure on internal threats: electronic interference, laser attack on satellite sensors destruction, electromagnetic pulse from a nuclear explosion, cyber attacks
  • case studies on telecommunications, global positioning systems & Earth observation

 

The scientific programme committe was composed of:

 

  • Chairman: Dr. Marius-Ioan Piso (President and CEO ROSA)
  • Co-chair: Dr. Sergio Camacho (SG CRECTEALC, Mexico)
  • Rapporteur: Dr. Peter Hulsroj (Director ESPI)

 

Members:

 

  • Dr. Jean-Michel Contant (SG IAA)
  • Dr. Sorin Encutescu (Senior Advisor for National Security to the Prime Minister of Romania)
  • Dr. Iulian Fota (Security Advisor to the Presidency of Romania)
  • Prof. Dr. Adrian Gheorghe (Old Dominion University, Virginia, USA)
  • Dr. Peter Jankowitsch (Chairman, Trustees Section 4, IAA)
  • Dr. Jan Kolar (Czech Space Office)
  • Dr. Detlef Koschny (SSA Office, ESA)
  • Dr. Liviu Muresan (Executive President EURISC)
  • Prof. Piotr Wolanski (Poland)
  • Dr. Dumitru-Dorin Prunariu (cosmonaut, ROSA)
  • Dr. Luca del Monte (ESA)
  • Prof. Setsuko Aoki (IISL)

 

 
Rosetta arrives at comet destination
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Wednesday, 06 August 2014   

After a decade-long journey chasing its target, ESA’s Rosetta has today become the first spacecraft to rendezvous with a comet, opening a new chapter in Solar System exploration.

Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko and Rosetta now lie 405 million kilometres from Earth, about half way between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, rushing towards the inner Solar System at nearly 55 000 kilometres per hour.

The comet is in an elliptical 6.5-year orbit that takes it from beyond Jupiter at its furthest point, to between the orbits of Mars and Earth at its closest to the Sun. Rosetta will accompany it for over a year as they swing around the Sun and back out towards Jupiter again.

Comets are considered to be primitive building blocks of the Solar System and may have helped to ‘seed’ Earth with water, perhaps even the ingredients for life. But many fundamental questions about these enigmatic objects remain, and through a comprehensive,in situstudy of the comet, Rosetta aims to unlock the secrets within.

The journey to the comet was not straightforward, however. Since its launch in 2004, Rosetta had to make three gravity-assist flybys of Earth and one of Mars to help it on course to its rendezvous with the comet. This complex course also allowed Rosetta to pass by asteroids Šteins and Lutetia, obtaining unprecedented views and scientific data on these two objects.

“After ten years, five months and four days travelling towards our destination, looping around the Sun five times and clocking up 6.4 billion kilometres, we are delighted to announce finally ‘we are here’,” says Jean-Jacques Dordain, ESA’s Director General.

“Europe’s Rosetta is now the first spacecraft in history to rendezvous with a comet, a major highlight in exploring our origins. Discoveries can start.”

Today saw the last of a series of ten rendezvous manoeuvres that began in May to adjust Rosetta’s speed and trajectory gradually to match those of the comet. If any of these manoeuvres had failed, the mission would have been lost, and the spacecraft would simply have flown by the comet.

“Today’s achievement is a result of a huge international endeavour spanning several decades,” says Alvaro Giménez, ESA’s Director of Science and Robotic Exploration.

“We have come an extraordinarily long way since the mission concept was first discussed in the late 1970s and approved in 1993, and now we are ready to open a treasure chest of scientific discovery that is destined to rewrite the textbooks on comets for even more decades to come.”

The comet began to reveal its personality while Rosetta was on its approach. Images taken by the OSIRIS camera between late April and early June showed that its activity was variable. The comet’s ‘coma’ – an extended envelope of gas and dust – became rapidly brighter and then died down again over the course of those six weeks.

 

In the same period, first measurements from the Microwave Instrument for the Rosetta Orbiter, MIRO, suggested that the comet was emitting water vapour into space at about 300 millilitres per second.

 

Meanwhile, the Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer, VIRTIS, measured the comet’s average temperature to be about –70ºC, indicating that the surface is predominantly dark and dusty rather than clean and icy.

Then, stunning images taken from a distance of about 12 000 km began to reveal that the nucleus comprises two distinct segments joined by a ‘neck’, giving it a duck-like appearance. Subsequent images showed more and more detail – the most recent, highest-resolution image was downloaded from the spacecraft earlier today and will be available this afternoon.

“Our first clear views of the comet have given us plenty to think about,” says Matt Taylor, ESA’s Rosetta project scientist.

“Is this double-lobed structure built from two separate comets that came together in the Solar System’s history, or is it one comet that has eroded dramatically and asymmetrically over time? Rosetta, by design, is in the best place to study one of these unique objects.”

Today, Rosetta is just 100 km from the comet’s surface, but it will edge closer still. Over the next six weeks, it will describe two triangular-shaped trajectories in front of the comet, first at a distance of 100 km and then at 50 km.

At the same time, more of the suite of instruments will provide a detailed scientific study of the comet, scrutinising the surface for a target site for the Philae lander.

Eventually, Rosetta will attempt a close, near-circular orbit at 30 km and, depending on the activity of the comet, perhaps come even closer.

“Arriving at the comet is really only just the beginning of an even bigger adventure, with greater challenges still to come as we learn how to operate in this unchartered environment, start to orbit and, eventually, land,” says Sylvain Lodiot, ESA’s Rosetta spacecraft operations manager.

As many as five possible landing sites will be identified by late August, before the primary site is identified in mid-September. The final timeline for the sequence of events for deploying Philae – currently expected for 11 November – will be confirmed by the middle of October.

 

Photo gallery:

 

 
Training for teachers at Marisel, Cluj county, 4-7 September
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Thursday, 31 July 2014   

ESERO Romania organises, from 4 to 7 September 2014, an introductory space activities and technologies course. The course will be held in Mărișel, Cluj County, at the location of the „Next Generation" Summer School.

Content: The course is aimed at using the space as an attractive context for teaching STEM subjects (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics). Participants will engage in topics such as the presentation of ESERO Romania, the educational resources of the European Space Agency, astronomy basics, artificial satellites of the Earth, space telecommunications basics, CanSat and practical activities (reception of low frequency electromagnetic waves; the spectral analysis of received signals and interpretation of the obtained spectra; the voice signal transmission through elastic cords; construction of a sundial; determining the direction of the meridian and the time at which the sun crosses the meridian; scanning the sky with radio telescopes and elementary radio mapping of the visible sky; transmission of images and sound through radio at a great distance using high directivity antennas; using GPS receivers to determine the exact time and geographic coordinates; transformation of geographic coordinates expressed in decimal format into coordinates expressed in sexagesimal and vice versa; elementary mapping using GPS receivers; visit at the BITNET CCSS Scientific and Technological Research Center; reception of Earth images transmitted in real time, line by line, by NOAA meteorological satellites; astronomical observations depending on the weather).

Location: “Popasul Iancului” Hotel, Mărișel / Astronomical Observatory Mărișel, Cluj

Number of participants: 20

Material support: Organisers provide free tuition, accommodation in a double room and meals for three days - 4 to 7 September 2014 and possibly bus trip Marisel-Cluj and back. Transportation from the place of residence to Cluj and back is the responsibility of the participant.

Eligibility: The course is addressed to mathematics or physics teachers in upper or secondary schools in Romania.

Selection Criteria: Applicants will need to demonstrate their competence and the interest to disseminate the knowledge and experience gained in the course to other middle school or high school teachers and to a large number of students in some "teaching circles" (teacher's) excellence student groups or similar bodies to attract more students to the science and space technology field. Selection of participants will be done taking into consideration an equitable geographical distribution.

To apply: Teachers who wish to apply will submit, no later than 15 August 2014, an e-mail to virgiliu.pop @ rosa.ro with the following information:

• Full name, date of birth, contact details

• Subject taught and the school

• The motivation to participate in maximum 300 words, including previous experience and how the candidate plans to pass on to other teachers and his students the knowledge gained in this course.

Candidates will be informed regarding the selection on 20 August 2014.

 
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